prepositions as words that can function as the heads of prepositional phrases. Kachru bases his model on the history of how English spread in different countries, how users acquire English, and the range of uses English has in each country. For the vowel sounds of the English language, however, correspondences between spelling and pronunciation are more irregular. One way of doing this is through a passive construction, the girl was stung by the bee. By the 7th century, the Germanic language of the Anglo-Saxons became dominant in Britain, replacing the languages of Roman Britain (43409 CE Common Brittonic, a Celtic language, and Latin, brought to Britain by the Roman occupation. North America Main articles: American English, General American, African American Vernacular English, Southern American English, and Canadian English North American English is fairly homogeneous compared to British English. Irish English: History and present-day forms. Earlier Old English texts in Anglo-Saxon runes are only short inscriptions. References Oxford Learner's Dictionary 2015, Entry: English Pronunciation. Modern English does not allow the addition of the negating adverb not to an ordinary finite lexical verb, as in *I know not it can only be added to an auxiliary (or copular ) verb, hence if there is no other auxiliary present when negation. Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics.